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Criticism towards world system

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发表于 2021-7-26 22:24:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The different world system approaches have been criticized in at least fourways. Firstly, they have a structural-functionalist bias, since they explain historyaccording to the functions of specific events and regions in relation to the overallstructure of the world system. The structural-functionalist bias was a majortopic, for example, in the Latin American dependencia discussions of the 1960sand 1970s. A second critique is that world system theories attach major importance to economic and macro aspects, and thereby subordinate cultural andpolitical factors and forces as well as actors or groups of actors. Thirdly, thesetheories are Eurocentric and tell the history of the world economy and the worldsystem from a European perspective, or from a North-Atlantic one. But howwould we perceive ourselves if the history of the world system were told from theperspective of the Chinese or Hindu empires (see Lewis and Wigen 1997,pp. l37-l4l)? Finally, world system theories are criticized because they oftenhave an evolutionist and/or a very partial understanding of modernity andmodernization. "Occidental Rationalism" and liberal capitalism are presented as 12 Ludger Priesif they were ultimate universal principles that evolve unidirectionally over alltime and all over the world.
我未曾见过一个早起、勤奋、谨慎、诚实的人抱怨命运不好;良好的品格,优良的习惯,坚强的意志,是不会被假设所谓的命运击败的。━━━富兰克林

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